The Best Bitcoin Mining Pools For Making Money

HashFlare.io Cloud Mining

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Verge Currency Beginner's Guide

Verge Currency Beginner's Guide
A short Background
2008 was the worst financial crisis the world had experience since the great depression. The efforts of banks worldwide were not enough to prevent its occurrence. Shortly after, someone by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto offered an alternative solution. A digital currency that removes the need for a central bank. His proposal written in the Bitcoin white paper, is summarized below:
  • A secure, decentralized network.
  • A system with economic properties.
  • No need for banks or rule makers.
  • Instant transactions without a need of a third party or government approval.
  • Bringing financial services to the unbanked 2.5 billion people.
  • Total financial freedom. No one can freeze your accounts.
  • Low transaction costs. No ridiculously high transaction fees.
  • A currency with finite amount where no one can print money whenever they want.
Bitcoin
In 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, the network consisted of computers (in crypto terms, these are called Nodes) to approve transactions, movements of data along the chain. This allows for everyone willing to become a participant, creating a decentralized global network. Allowing for a decentralized currency, free of the control of politicians, or institutions.
The rules can only be changed if 51% of the network agrees on it. This way the network is completely democratized and resistant to hacking attacks.
Unlike today’s financial institutions, no one can freeze your account or prevent you sending money. You are the only person who truly holds your wealth.
It is an open source project. Anyone can see the code and offer or discuss changes with the community. On the other hand, anyone participating to the network with computational power gets incentives or pay, with a fractional amount of BTC.
Blockchain
The core of a secure decentralized network like Bitcoin, lies the Blockchain technology. To put it simply, the blockchain is like a series of Lego, connected to each other by linking information, called transactions. These transactions contain the following data sender, receiver and the unique signature of the sender.
The data will be converted into “hash” before being saved into a block. The bitcoin hash is generated using a set of cryptographic functions called sha256. This way the information is encrypted, is compressed and saved in the block.
Additionally, each block in the chain, contains the information from the block before it. This ensures that if someone tries to maliciously modify information in a block, all the block following this attempt will be changed, making it easier to spot.
Each block includes the information from the previous block. If someone wants to maliciously change the information in one block that change the complete result of all following blocks.
In this type of network there is only one blockchain, and all the information is kept in a public ledger which is shared amongst all the participating networks. For the blockchain to be valid, more than 50% of the participants (nodes and their computational power) must agree with it.
Bitcoin Today (2018)
Until today many, many, events have happened. The network has grown massively. The underlying code is improved in many ways. There are more and more developers and investors that have entered the cryptocurrency space.
Currently there are proposed changes being developed to the Bitcoin network that will make bitcoin rival the centralized networks of today (Visa, Mastercard), while significantly lowering the cost of these transaction.
Many alternative cryptocurrencies have been created along the way, improving some of the aspects of the bitcoin and focusing on certain applications, in the crypto-space, we call them altcoins.
WHY VERGE
The way that Bitcoin function, has severe flaws with regards to privacy:
  • Public Ledger: The transaction information is public, meaning, that transactions can be linked to a person.
  • IP Leakage: A persistent and motivated attacker will be able to associate your IP address with your bitcoin transaction.
Due to the above reasons, it was clear that there would be a need for a privacy coin. Different coins were then created that had this problem in mind. They were ‘too private’ in the sense that they completely by-passed the public ledger. The public ledger allows merchant to provide proof of transactions, which is important for bookkeeping.
Enter Verge Currency, formerly Dogecoindark; which offers transaction on the ledger, both public and private. Allowing the user to choose if the transactions are public or private.
VERGE CURRENCY
2014 saw the birth of Dogecoin Dark; in 2016, it was rebranded to Verge Currency.
Verge improves upon the original Bitcoin blockchain and aims to fulfill its initial purpose of providing individuals and businesses with a fast, efficient and decentralized way of making direct transactions while maintaining your privacy.
What is the Verge Currency Mission?
Verge Currency aims to empower people around the globe using blockchain in everyday life and makes it possible for people to engage in transactions quickly, efficiently and privately. With Verge, business and individuals now have flexible options for sending and receiving payments.
Verge Currency also offer helpful integrations and tools that enable them to handle large scale transactions between merchants and small-scale private payments.
Is Verge Currency a private company and how is it funded?
Following in the spirit of Bitcoin, Verge is an open-source software, and a community. It is not a company, never had an ICO. The development is entirely funded by the community and the developers. Currently Verge is looking into setting up an official Verge merchandise store, and an Official Verge mining pool, for multiple algorithms.
Tech
General technical capabilities of XVG blockchain:
Protocol PoW (Proof of Work)
Algorithms Scrypt, X17, Lyra2rev2, myr-groestl and blake2s
Max Coin Supply 16.5 billion XVG
Circulation Supply 15.2 billion XVG
Minable yes
Atomic Swaps Enabled
Tx (Transaction) Speed 5-10 Seconds
Tps (Transactions per sec.) 100 (Will be ~2000 with RSK)
Tx Fee 0.1 XVG
Privacy Options:
Tor + I2P Networks fully obfuscated IP address / User's Location is hidden
Stealth Addresses It enables users to anonymously receive funds to their wallet. Therefore third parties are no longer able to track receivers addresses, nor are they able to combine official wallet addresses with their stealth addresses.
RING CT Under development
See our blackpaper V5.0 for detailed information.
Development Updates
Marketing Updates

Wallets
Mining

Community
Verge is a community-driven project. The community is the pillar of Verge, from the past to the future, the community built Verge. The community or Vergefam connects everyone from around the world, regardless of cultural background. The common vision is to provide everyone access to financial freedom, and the choice of privacy while transacting.
Below you can find the Verge Telegram communities from around the world;
Official Telegram
🇧🇷 🇵🇹 Brasil/Portugal/
🇨🇦 Canada
🇳🇴 🇸🇪 🇩🇰 Norway/Sweden/Denmark
🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇨🇭 🇱🇮 Germany/Austria/Switzerland/Liechtenstein
🇵🇹 Portugal
🇪🇸 Spain
🇱🇺 Netherlands
🇹🇷 Turkey
🇫🇷 France
Balkan
🇵🇾 Croatia
🇦🇱 🇽🇰 Albania/Kosovo
🇷🇴 Romania
🇭🇺 Hungary
🇷🇺 Russia
🇮🇳 India
🇲🇾 Malaysia
🇯🇵 Japan
🇰🇷 Korea
🇨🇳 China
🇿🇦 South Africa
🔌Wallet Support
🖥️ Mining support
Mass Adoption
Low fees, quick transactions, high volume in circulation, multiplatform support, Wraith protocol are the ingredients that make Verge perfectly positioned for mass adoption. Transact on the public ledger for everyday purchases or stay private if you wish so.
Getting Started
You can find the matching instructions as below:
See the following useful links:

Official Links
Vergecurrency.com
Verge Team
Roadmap
FAQ
Github
Block Explorer 1
Block Explorer 2
Network Status
Telegram
Twitter
Facebook
Discord
Youtube
Medium
Investfeed
Verge Zendesk
VergeFora
Last Edit: Latest development update links are added to the Tech section.
submitted by Desolatorbtc to vergecurrency [link] [comments]

Discussão sobre Criptopmoedas (Bitcoin e Altcoins). Um pouco sobre o que aprendi e como você pode conhecer mais sobre esse mundo novo.

Oi, /Brasil!
Antes de qualquer coisa gostaria de fazer um ‘disclaimer’ sobre esse post:
Não estou aqui para fazer aquele marketing “Olhe como em apenas 5 passos você pode ficar muito rico!!”. Eu sou extremamente novo nesse mercado de Criptomoedas e aprendi tanta coisa nova e legal e gostaria de compartilhar meu conhecimento, tirar duvidas e quem sabe trazer novas pessoas nesse novo mundo.
 
Nesses últimos tempos vários posts sobre Bitcoin e Altcoins estão aparecendo aqui no /Brasil e muita gente discute sobre o assunto. Alguns extremamente céticos, uns curiosos e outros que já conhecem um pouquinho do assunto. Eu tentei dar um help pro pessoal que fez perguntas nos outros posts e alguns se juntaram ao grupo que organizei sobre Criptomoedas no Discord.
 
Não quero trazer também o “invista até não poder mais”. Esse mercado de criptomoedas é extremamente volátil e você pode sim perder dinheiro com isso. Nunca invista o que não pode perder.
 

Quero iniciar comentando sobre algo que muitos céticos usam:

“Bitcoin é uma bolha, ela vai estourar e você vai perder tudo.”
 
O que não é uma bolha, certo?
Bolha do ‘dot com’ e bolha da Apple a bolha do Tesla. Existem vários outros exemplos que eu poderia dar, mas eu não vim aqui pra isso.
 
A ideia central de Criptomoedas é ser um sistema descentralizado de qualquer banco, empresa e governo, ser seguro, open-source, totalmente criptografado, que é apoiado pela matemática implementada. Toda a história da moeda deve ser aberta ao público e você pode ver toda e qualquer transação feita na rede. Essas transações precisam ser processadas por máquinas que confirmam que essa transação não é um double-spending ou alguém querendo criar moedas “out of thin air”. Se alguém quiser hackear o sistema ele vai precisar quebrar toda a Blockchain da moeda (explicação mais abaixo).
 
Blockchain (cadeia de blocos) é todo o registro de tudo que aconteceu com a criptomoeda. Cada novo bloco é ligado ao ultimo bloco existente. Nenhum dado subsequente pode ser alterado sem que todos os outros blocos sejam alterados. Fazendo assim a criptomoeda em questão super segura. Blockchain é estudada para aplicações de gerenciamento de identidade, registro médico, prova de documentos, etc.
 
Você pode fazer uma transferência pequena de alguns trocados até com centenas de milhares Reais para qualquer lugar do mundo. Imagine você aqui no Brasil tem um parente lá na Coréia do Sul. Você quer mandar R$3000,00 para o parente. Para isso você precisa ir até o seu banco, solicitar uma transferência de alto valor, pagar todas as taxas do banco, do seu governo, talvez até do governo do país que será enviado, esperar até a data estipulada para o dinheiro chegar ao seu parente (a partir do dia do envio+2). Faça a pesquisa, você pode pagar muito alto por isso.
 
Agora leve em consideração o Bitcoin. Mesmo com uma taxa alta nesses últimos tempos (da ultima vez eu paguei R$12,00), imagine você mandar esses mesmos R$3000,00. Só que a transação é feita em até 60 minutos. Você manda a ordem de transferência da sua carteira até a carteira do seu parente, essa transferência de Bitcoin é registrada, então processada pelos mineradores e depois de um tempo o Bitcoin é validado na carteira do seu parente. Depois disso ele pode já usar os Bitcoin no mesmo dia ou ir até um caixa eletrônico de Bitcoin e sacar em dinheiro ou até trocar por outras moedas ou por dinheiro em Exchanges.
 
Fora Bitcoin, nós temos centenas de outras criptomoedas. Várias são muito interessantes, como: Ethereum, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, Vertcoin. Outras são simplesmente enganações usadas para roubar dinheiro de quem investe nas criptomoedas. Infelizmente existem coisas ruins como essa em qualquer lugar do mundo. Sugiro também uma pesquisa sobre cada criptomoeda. Coinmarketcap é um site legal para você iniciar sua pesquisa nas moedas de maior valor, volume, tecnologia, etc.
 

Mineração

A mineração consiste em usar o recurso de processamento do seu computador para procurar e resolver blocos. Quando isso acontece uma recompensa é distribuída para todos os mineradores envolvidos na mineração. Você pode minerar sozinho (o que hoje é impossível para alguém normal) ou pode entrar em uma Mining Pool.
 
Recentemente comecei a minerar uma criptomoeda chamada Vertcoin. Não é necessário muito conhecimento em como funciona a mineração. Basta ter um computador com placa de vídeo legal (a partir de uma gtx 1060 é legal), baixar um programa chamado One-Click Miner (OCM), arranjar uma carteira da moeda (interessante a Electrum Vertcoin Wallet), apontar seu minerador para aquela carteira, selecionar uma Pool de mineração e clicar Start.
 
Na mineração de Vertcoin você usa o poder de processamento da sua GPU para procurar blocos na rede junto com vários outros mineradores. Quando um bloco é encontrado você é recompensado pelo tempo que você esta minerando. Quanto mais tempo estiver minerando, melhor. Mas até um limite claro.
 
Não vou dizer que vale a pena você minerar porque existem muitas variáveis para isso. Para mim esta valendo a pena. Com uma GTX 1080 consigo pagar o gasto extra de conta de luz e lucrar Vertcoins. Recomendo fazer o calculo e ver se vale a pena.
 
A ideia central que estou levando para minerar Vertcoin é que devido a sua história, seus desenvolvedores, resistência à ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuits) e sua transparência com a comunidade ela será adotada pelo mercado. Seu valor subiu de US$0,04 em Janeiro de 2017 para hoje no preço de US$5,4. Outra coisa legal é que o Vertcoin usa algoritmo criado por brasileiros, chamada Lyra2!
 
Se você, leitor, tiver interesse em minerar ou discutir mais sobre moedas e conhecer mais, eu vou sugerir entrar no Discord que criei exatamente para isso: https://discord.gg/aWfV2Q5. Somos um grupo pequeno, mas o pessoal lá é super amigável e me trouxeram muito conhecimento novo. Temos desde iniciantes até alguns veteranos no assunto. Temos uma Pool de mineração de Vertcoin (Veja aqui) também se alguém se interessar.
 

Conclusão

Esse mundo de Cryptocurrencies é muito novo, estranho, inovador e interessante. Aprendi muita coisa e nem estou a tanto tempo assim aprendendo. Tenho comprado, vendido, minerado e guardado várias moedas diferentes. Tenho lucrado uma grana interessante que não teria vindo caso continuasse igual meus amigos que dizem não ter dinheiro pra investir nisso, mas saem todo final de semana com amigos/namorada e gastam 50, 100, 200 reais. Deixasse de sair 1 fim de semana por mês e compra uma moeda “segura” como Litecoin ou Ethereum. Da um lucro legal em uns 10 anos caso for atento, trocar por Real quando necessário ou mudar pra outra moeda.
 
Tem muita coisa que ainda quero falar, mas não quero deixar esse texto mais extenso do que esta. Por isso, peço a você que está lendo para deixar seus comentários, a favor ou contra, que vou tentar responder, aprender coisas novas, tirar dúvidas, fazer perguntas também e ter discussões saudáveis.
submitted by TheCrazyTiger to brasil [link] [comments]

Hashflare +-zero if 10% difficulty increase every 14 days in average! (we have even higher now!)

Simple calculation. 365 days mining (contract) means 26 difficulty changes (every 14 days). Imagine it's always 10% increase... safe and exactly 10%. That means, that we increase our difficulty from "1873105475221" to "22323905475221". To do it simple: we increase from 1873 to 22323. This is an increase of 1191%. (26 times 10% increase in a row). Taking now every difficulty value after 14 days for the whole 365 days and then taking the average from all of it we get (simplified) 8401.
According to this website, a 17 TH/s contract with ~17% pool fees (hashflare) and a safe block reward of 12.5 all the time, a static btc price of 17.500$ and the price for 17TH/s-contract (OLD PRICES!) it means that you do a +-zero with this contract, if the difficulty would be like 10% all the time. https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=17000.00&p=0.00&pc=0.00&pf=17.00&d=8401205475221.60000000&r=12.50000000&er=17500.00000000&hc=2695.00
tl;dr: lets hope that difficulty wont increase 1x% every 14 days from now. lets hope btc value wont drop back to 10.000USD or even less.
tl;dr2: If difficulty is higher than hoped for, but BTC increases to 30.000USD you obviously did some money with your hashflare contract. But if you just buy the coin from a marketplace today for 17.500 USD you would have done MORE money with just keeping it in your wallet than cloud mining with hashflare.
tl;dr3: dont trust those youtubers, they just do tons of money with affiliate programs and not with mining.
KEEP THIS IN MIND PLX, it's looking like free money without working for it, but think about your dad's wise words: you will get nothing free in life!
sry for bad english.
submitted by zBzMystery to hashflare [link] [comments]

Why the price of DOGE is falling and will continue to. SUCH MAFFS. SO LOGIC. WOW.

TLDR; Dogecoin is one of the most profitable coins to mine, so people are mining and dumping for profit. Will probably still drop by ~10-25%. Woof. http://i.imgur.com/NRVOtRI.jpg
A lot of people are posting about the price of Dogecoin and are concerned with its price. There is speculation that is misleading and not backed up by much theory. It’s not just as simple as supply and demand, panic selling or the line of best fit on a graph. Let’s look at the maths and see why the coin is dropping so rapidly and why now.
MAFFS
The difficulty of mining a block of DOGE currently ranged from 300-400 [1], the higher this goes the less coin you will mine. To make things simple let’s run an example: Assume you have 1000kHash of digging power; with that you could mine at the current difficulty level approx. 30,000 DOGE a day [2]! The value of Dogecoin is tightly tied to Bitcoin, we first convert it to BTC and sell that. The price for a single DOGE is roughly 0.00000040 BTC [3] and a BTC is worth around $850 [4]. In our 24 hours of work we earn $10.20 (0.00000040 * 30000 * 850). Wow. Such pawfit.
Now compare this to the ‘standard’ of scrypt mining, Litecoin. For the same time and strength of your digging you would yield around $8.50. If you were only interested in profit you would mine DOGE and sell it because it made you the most profit for your hashrate. A lot of people are doing this, including multicoin pools, they mine the most profitable coin and convert it to BTC. It’s simply efficient. This means that there is a huge dump of coin on the market and the price will fall.
SPECULATION
When will the coin stop dropping in price? When it is no longer the most profitable coin, so probably around 0.00000030 to 0.00000035 BTC. At this price the profitability is too low to reward these types of miners. Alternatively, if the difficulty was to increase then the amount of coins earned (EDIT: coins per person, overall supply per time is constant! More miners = lower split per miner) would be reduced and the profit margins would also decrease, I’d estimate the difficulty would need to be around 450 to 500 to balance out. The difficulty increases if more people mine the coin, and at this point that will be depending on popularity.
Sure a few people are panic selling but comparatively this is a drop in the ocean and even so it will just help the coin reach its stable price a little faster. Anybody who wants to see the coin succeed is already doing what they need to, they are not concerned with the price, remember to have fun!
Another point to note is that over the last few days the price of BTC has risen, and so even if the price of DOGE was stable the exchange ratio for DOGE->BTC would still show a fall – this is slightly misleading and the fall in price is not as hard as it seems!
So what can you do? Wait. The price will level out and over time the difficulty should increase with popularity and in around 1-2 months the reward will halve, I'd expect a big peak in price around that time. The coin is young and popular; it needs to learn the Earth before it can go to the Moon.
Sources: [1]http://www.cryptocoincharts.info/v2/coins/show/doge [2] http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/dogecoin-mining-calculator [3]https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/132 [4]http://bitcoinity.org/markets/mtgox/USD 
submitted by Piedo_Bear to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Monero FAQ

Hi, it’s some weeks that I’m getting into Monero and I really see a great future for it. My problem is that I have a very low budget so my mining capability is a joke (around 80 h/s). I cannot help this coin to grow by mining it, so I’m making this FAQ hoping that can be useful for new users. If you want to support me, the tip jar is at the end of this post. Thank you!
 
I noticed a lot of confusion around Monero. Many of the most asked question are basically the same , so I collected some of them from /monero, /moneromining and monero.stackexchange and I made this Monero Faq. Please feel free to suggest any new frequently asked question or correction/modification/ (also about the grammar, my english is not very good), i’d like to keep this post updated.
 
Last update: 1/03/2017
 
 

Where can I find a good mining pool?

 

Is Minergate good for mining?

Minergate is known for being linked to Bytecoin (read here and here ) and many users are noticing lower or differences in hashrates when using other miners (just make a research using the word “minergate” here on reddit). don’t be fooled by the nice graphical interface.
 

What miner should I use?

CPU: XMR-Stak (Windows-Linux) CpuMiner by tpruvot (Windows, Linux), CpuMiner By Wolf, xmr-stak (MacOS) and cpuminer(MacOS) By correcthorse
GPU: XMR-stak (AMD), Ccminer (nVidia) by KlausT, Claymore's CryptoNote GPU Miner (AMD)
If you are a Windows user read this
 

Does it worth to mine monero?

You can check by yourself using these tools:
XMBTC charts:
 

How can I calculate my CPU or GPU capability of mining?

Check this link for CPU & GPU Benchmark
 

Can I use a proxy for mining?

I personally use XMR Proxy. If you want to monitor your rigs you can use Monero Mining Monitor
 

How can I setup a local wallet without running a node?

How to get a wallet without running a node
 

Can I run monero through Tor?

Guide to use monero with Tor correctly
Monero safety through Tor
 

or i2p?

Why we chose i2p over Tor
 

What type of wallet exists?

 

How long take to sync to the blockchain?

It can take from few hours (using SSD drive) or even 24 hours, depending on hard drive and connection speed
 

How do I generate a QR-code for a Monero address?

How do I generate a QR code for a Monero address
Moneroqrcode.com for a personalized code
 

How can I buy some Monero coins?

Directly:
exchanges:
 

How do I use the Monero GUI?

Tutorial
 

How do I connect to a remote node using the GUI?

Connect GUI wallet to remote node on network
 

Where can I follow updates and/or make questions about Monero?

 

More useful links:

 
My address for donations: 48DYna5JiDrHz5xkcoSii4WzFNXLzCFjkPPugp7XNZ1N6v8NUhjaC6Sf1BEBEJ35JaJAYKK4XGc2ZEKGeEQ2ySDmFDZdAHy
submitted by ErCiccione to Monero [link] [comments]

New people please read this. [upvote for visibility please]

I am seeing too many new people come and and getting confused. Litecoin wiki isn't the greatest when it comes to summing up things so I will try to do things as best as I can. I will attempt to explain from what I have learned and answer some questions. Hopefully people smarter than me will also chime in. I will keep this post updated as much as I can.
Preface
Litecoin is a type to electronic currency. It is just like Bitcoin but it there are differences. Difference explained here.
If you are starting to mine now chances are that you have missed the Bitcoin mining train. If you really want your time and processing power to not go to waste you should mine LTC because the access to BTC from there is much easier.
Mining. What is it?
Let's get this straight. When making any financial commitment to this be prepared to do it with "throw away" money. Mining is all about the hashrate and is measured in KH/s (KiloHash/sec). Unlike the powerful ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) that are used to mine bitcoins using hashrates in the GH/s and even TH/s, litecoin mining has only been able to achieve at the very best MH/s. I think the highest I've seen is 130 MH/s so far. Which leads us to our next section.
Mining Hardware
While CPU mining is still a thing it is not as powerful as GPU mining. Your laptop might be able to get 1 a month. However, I encourage you to consult this list first. List of hardware comparison You will find the highest of processors can maybe pull 100 KH/s and if we put this into a litecoin mining calculator it doesn't give us much.
Another reason why you don't want to mine with your CPU is pretty simple. You are going to destroy it.
So this leaves us with GPUs. Over the past few months (and years) the HD 7950 has been the favourite because it drains less power and has a pretty good hashrate. But recently the introduction of the R9 290 (not the x) has changed the game a bit. People are getting 850 KH/s - 900 KH/s with that card. It's crazy.
Should I mine?
Honestly given the current difficulty you can make a solid rig for about $1100 with a hashrate of 1700 KH/s which would give you your investment back in about a month and a half. I am sure people out there can create something for much cheaper. Here is a good example of a setup as suggested by dystopiats
PCPartPicker part list / Price breakdown by merchant / Benchmarks
Type Item Price
CPU AMD Sempron 145 2.8GHz Single-Core Processor $36.01 @ Amazon
Motherboard ASRock 970 EXTREME4 ATX AM3+ Motherboard $99.48 @ OutletPC
Memory Crucial Ballistix Tactical Tracer 4GB (1 x 4GB) DDR3-1866 Memory $59.99 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Video Card Sapphire Radeon HD 7950 3GB Video Card (3-Way CrossFire) $245.38 @ Newegg
Power Supply SeaSonic Platinum 860W 80+ Platinum Certified Fully-Modular ATX Power Supply $146.98 @ SuperBiiz
Total
Prices include shipping, taxes, and discounts when available. $1078.60
Generated by PCPartPicker 2013-11-29 00:52 EST-0500
Estimated Hashrate (with GPU overclocking) : 1900 KH/s
Hardware Fundamentals
CPU - Do you need a powerful CPU? No but make sure it is a decent one. AMD CPUs are cheap to buy right now with tons of power. Feel free to use a Sempron or Celeron depending on what Motherboard you go with.
RAM - Try to get at least 4 GB so as to not run into any trouble. Memory is cheap these days. I am saying 4 GB only because of Windoze. If you are plan to run this on Linux you can even get away with less memory.
HDD Any good ol 7200 RPM hard drive will do. Make sure it is appropriate. No point in buying a 1TB hard drive. Since, this is a newbie's guide I assumed most won't know how to run linux, but incase you do you can get a USB flash drive and run linux from it thus removing the need for hard drive all toghether. (thanks dystopiats)
GPU - Consult the list of hardware of hardware I posted above. Make sure you consider the KH/s/W ratio. To me the 290 is the best option but you can skimp down to 7950 if you like.
PSU - THIS IS BLOODY IMPORTANT. Most modern GPUs are power hungry so please make sure you are well within the limits of your power consumption.
MOTHERBOARD - Ok, so a pretty popular board right now is Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD3 and the ASRock 970 Extreme4. Some people are even going for Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD5 and even the mighty Gigabyte GA-990FXA-UD7 because it has more PCI-E slots. 6 to be exact. However you may not need that much. With risers you can get more shoved into less.
PCI-E RISERS - These are called risers. They come in x16 to x16 and x1 to x16 connections. Here is the general rule of thumb. This is very important. Always get a POWERED riser otherwise you will burn a hole in your MoBo. A powered rise as a molex connector so that additional power from PSU can be supplied.
When it comes to hardware I've provided the most basic knowledge you need. Also, take a look at cryptobader's website. This is very helpful. Please visit the mining section of Litecoin Forums and the litecoinmining subreddit for more indepth info.
Mining Software
Now that you have assembled your hardware now you need to get into a pool. But before you do that you need a mining software. There are many different ones but the one that is most popular is cgminer. Download it and make sure you read the README. It is a very robust piece of software. Please read this if you want to know more. (thanks BalzOnYer4Head)
Mining Pools
Now that your hardware and software is ready. I know nothing about solo mining other than the fact that you have to be very lucky and respectable amount of hashing power to decrypt a block. So it is better to join pools. I have been pool hopping for a bit and really liked give-me-coin previously known to the community as give-me-ltc. They have a nice mobile app and 0% pool fees. This is really a personal preference. Take a look at this list and try some yourself.
How do I connect to a pool?
Most pools will give you a tutorial on how to but the basics are as follows:
  • Signup for a pool
  • Create a worker for your account. Usually one worker per rig (Yes people have multiple rigs) is generally a good idea.
  • Create a .run file. Open up notepad and type cgminer.exe -o (address_to_the_miningpool:port_number) -u (yourusername.workername) -p (your_worker_password_if_you_made_one). Then File>Save As>runcgminer.run (Make sure the drop down is set to "All Files" and .txt document.) and save in the same folder as cgminer. That's it.
  • Double click on runcgminer.run (or whatever you named it) and have fun mining.
Mining Profitability
This game is not easy. If it was, practically everyone would be doing it. This is strictly a numbers game and there are calculations available that can help you determine your risk on your investments. 4 variables you need to consider when you are starting to mine:
Hardware cost: The cost of your physical hardware to run this whole operation.
Power: Measured in $/KwH is also known as the operating cost.
Difficulty rate: To put it in layman's terms the increase in difficulty is inversely proportional to amount of coin you can mine. The harder the difficulty the harder it is to mine coin. Right now difficulty is rising at about 18% per 3 days. This can and will change since all you miners are soon going to jump on the band wagon.
Your sanity: I am not going to tell you to keep calm and chive on because quiet frankly that is stupid. What I will tell you not to get too carried away. You will pull you hair out. Seriously.
Next thing you will need is a simple tool. A mining profitability calculator. I have two favourite ones.
coinwarz
I like this one cause it is simple. The fields are self explanatory. Try it.
bitcoinwisdom
I like this one because it is a more real life scenario calculator and more complicated one (not really). It also takes increasing difficulty into account.
Please note: This is the absolute basic info you need. If you have more questions feel free to ask and or google it!
More Below.
submitted by craeyon to litecoin [link] [comments]

FruitChains: A Fair Blockchain

Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/916
Date: 2017-05-05
Author(s): Rafael Pass, Elaine Shi

Link to Paper


Abstract
Nakamoto's famous blockchain protocol enables achieving consensus in a so-called permissionless setting---anyone can join (or leave) the protocol execution, and the protocol instructions do not depend on the identities of the players. His ingenious protocol prevents ``sybil attacks'' (where an adversary spawns any number of new players) by relying on computational puzzles (a.k.a. ``moderately hard functions') introduced by Dwork and Naor (Crypto'92). Recent work by Garay et al (EuroCrypt'15) and Pass et al (manuscript, 2016) demonstrate that this protocol provably achieves consistency and liveness assuming a) honest players control a majority of the computational power in the network, b) the puzzle-hardness is appropriately set as a function of the maximum network delay and the total computational power of the network, and c) the computational puzzle is modeled as a random oracle.
Assuming honest participation, however, is a strong assumption, especially in a setting where honest players are expected to perform a lot of work (to solve the computational puzzles). In Nakamoto's Bitcoin application of the blockchain protocol, players are incentivized to solve these puzzles by receiving rewards for every ``blocks'' (of transactions) they contribute to the blockchain. An elegant work by Eyal and Sirer (FinancialCrypt'14), strengthening and formalizing an earlier attack discussed on the Bitcoin forum, demonstrates that a coalition controlling even a minority fraction of the computational power in the network can gain (close to) 2 times its ``fair share'' of the rewards (and transation fees) by deviating from the protocol instructions. In contrast, in a fair protocol, one would expect that players controlling a ϕϕ fraction of the computational resources to reap a ϕϕ fraction of the rewards.
In this work, we present a new blockchain protocol---the FruitChain protocol---which satisfies the same consistency and liveness properties as Nakamoto's protocol (assuming an honest majority of the computing power), and additionally is δδ-approximately fair: with overwhelming probability, any honest set of players controlling a ϕϕ fraction of computational power is guaranteed to get at least a fraction (1−δ)ϕ(1−δ)ϕ of the blocks (and thus rewards) in any Omega(κ/δ)Omega(κ/δ) length segment of the chain (where κκ is the security parameter).
As a consequence, if this blockchain protocol is used as the ledger underlying a cryptocurrency system, where rewards and transaction fees are evenly distributed among the miners of blocks in a length kappa segment of the chain, no coalition controlling less than a majority of the computing power can gain more than a factor (1+3δ)(1+3δ) by deviating from the protocol (i.e., honest participation is an n/2n/2-coalition-safe 3δ3δ-Nash equilibrium).
Finally, the fruit chain protocol enables decreasing the variance of mining rewards and as such significantly lessens (or even obliterates) the need for mining pools.

References
[sol] http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculator.
[BCL+05] Boaz Barak, Ran Canetti, Yehuda Lindell, Rafael Pass, and Tal Rabin. Secure computation without authentication. In CRYPTO’05, 2005.
[BHP+] Iddo Bentov, Yuncong Hu, Rafael Pass, Elaine Shi, and Siqiu Yao. Decentralized pooled mining: An implementation of fruitchain. Manuscript.
[BPS16] Iddo Bentov, Rafael Pass, and Elaine Shi. Snow white: Provably secure proofs of stake. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2016/919, 2016. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/919.
[CKWN16] Miles Carlsten, Harry A. Kalodner, S. Matthew Weinberg, and Arvind Narayanan. On the instability of bitcoin without the block reward. In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security, Vienna, Austria, October 24-28, 2016, pages 154–167, 2016.
[DN92] Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor. Pricing via processing or combatting junk mail. In CRYPTO’92, pages 139–147, 1992.
[ES14] Ittay Eyal and Emin G¨un Sirer. Majority is not enough: Bitcoin mining is vulnerable. In Financial Cryptography and Data Security, pages 436–454. Springer, 2014.
[GKL15] Juan Garay, Aggelos Kiayias, and Nikos Leonardos. The bitcoin backbone protocol: Analysis and applications. In Advances in Cryptology-EUROCRYPT 2015, pages 281–310. Springer, 2015. 25
[HP15] Joseph Y. Halpern and Rafael Pass. Algorithmic rationality: Game theory with costly computation. J. Economic Theory, 156:246–268, 2015.
[KKKT16] Aggelos Kiayias, Elias Koutsoupias, Maria Kyropoulou, and Yiannis Tselekounis. Blockchain mining games. In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM Conference on Economics and Computation, EC ’16, pages 365–382, 2016.
[KP15] Aggelos Kiayias and Giorgos Panagiotakos. Speed-security tradeoffs in blockchain protocols, 2015.
[KP16] Aggelos Kiayias and Giorgos Panagiotakos. On trees, chains and fast transactions in the blockchain. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive, 2016:545, 2016.
[KRDO16] Aggelos Kiayias, Alexander Russell, Bernardo David, and Roman Oliynykov. Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2016/889, 2016. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/889.
[LSZ15] Yoad Lewenberg, Yonatan Sompolinsky, and Aviv Zohar. Inclusive block chain protocols. In Financial Crypto’15, 2015.
[mtg10] mtgox. https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2227.msg29606#msg29606, 2010.
[Nak08] Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system, 2008.
[NKMS16] Kartik Nayak, Srijan Kumar, Andrew Miller, and Elaine Shi. Stubborn mining: Generalizing selfish mining and combining with an eclipse attack. In IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy, EuroS&P 2016, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany, March 21-24, 2016, pages 305–320, 2016.
[PSS17] Rafael Pass, Lior Seeman, and Abhi Shelat. Analysis of the blockchain protocol in asynchronous networks. In Eurocrypt, 2017.
[PS16] Rafael Pass and Elaine Shi. Hybrid consensus. http://eprint.iacr.org/2016/917, 2016.
[SSZ16] Ayelet Sapirshtein, Yonatan Sompolinsky, and Aviv Zohar. Optimal selfish mining strategies in bitcoin. In Financial Crypto’16, 2016.
[SZ15] Yonatan Sompolinsky and Aviv Zohar. Secure high-rate transaction processing in bitcoin. In Financial Cryptography and Data Security - 19th International Conference, FC 2015, San Juan, Puerto Rico, January 26-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, pages 507–527, 2015.
submitted by dj-gutz to myrXiv [link] [comments]

All You Need to Know About Verge / Beginner's Guide

All You Need to Know About Verge / Beginner's Guide
A short Background
2008 was the worst financial crisis the world had experience since the great depression. The efforts of banks worldwide were not enough to prevent its occurrence. Shortly after, someone by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto offered an alternative solution. A digital currency that removes the need for a central bank. His proposal written in the Bitcoin white paper, is summarized below:
  • A secure, decentralized network.
  • A system with economic properties.
  • No need for banks or rule makers.
  • Instant transactions without a need of a third party or government approval.
  • Bringing financial services to the unbanked 2.5 billion people.
  • Total financial freedom. No one can freeze your accounts.
  • Low transaction costs. No ridiculously high transaction fees.
  • A currency with finite amount where no one can print money whenever they want.
Bitcoin
In 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, the network consisted of computers (in crypto terms, these are called Nodes) to approve transactions, movements of data along the chain. This allows for everyone willing to become a participant, creating a decentralized global network. Allowing for a decentralized currency, free of the control of politicians, or institutions.
The rules can only be changed if 51% of the network agrees on it. This way the network is completely democratized and resistant to hacking attacks.
Unlike today’s financial institutions, no one can freeze your account or prevent you sending money. You are the only person who truly holds your wealth.
It is an open source project. Anyone can see the code and offer or discuss changes with the community. On the other hand, anyone participating to the network with computational power gets incentives or pay, with a fractional amount of BTC.
Blockchain
The core of a secure decentralized network like Bitcoin, lies the Blockchain technology. To put it simply, the blockchain is like a series of Lego, connected to each other by linking information, called transactions. These transactions contain the following data sender, receiver and the unique signature of the sender.
The data will be converted into “hash” before being saved into a block. The bitcoin hash is generated using a set of cryptographic functions called sha256. This way the information is encrypted, is compressed and saved in the block.
Additionally, each block in the chain, contains the information from the block before it. This ensures that if someone tries to maliciously modify information in a block, all the block following this attempt will be changed, making it easier to spot.
Each block includes the information from the previous block. If someone wants to maliciously change the information in one block that change the complete result of all following blocks.
In this type of network there is only one blockchain, and all the information is kept in a public ledger which is shared amongst all the participating networks. For the blockchain to be valid, more than 50% of the participants (nodes and their computational power) must agree with it.
Bitcoin Today (2018)
Until today many, many, events have happened. The network has grown massively. The underlying code is improved in many ways. There are more and more developers and investors that have entered the cryptocurrency space.
Currently there are proposed changes being developed to the Bitcoin network that will make bitcoin rival the centralized networks of today (Visa, Mastercard), while significantly lowering the cost of these transaction.
Many alternative cryptocurrencies have been created along the way, improving some of the aspects of the bitcoin and focusing on curtain applications, in the crypto-space, we call them altcoins.
WHY VERGE
The way that Bitcoin function, has severe flaws with regards to privacy:
  • Public Ledger: The transaction information is public, meaning, that transactions can be linked to a person.
  • IP Leakage: A persistent and motivated attacker will be able to associate your IP address with your bitcoin transaction.
Due to the above reasons, it was clear that there would be a need for a privacy coin. Different coins were then created that had this problem in mind. They were ‘too private’ in the sense that they completely by-passed the public ledger. The public ledger allows merchant to provide proof of transactions, which is important for bookkeeping.
Enter Verge Currency, formerly Dogecoindark; which offers transaction on the ledger, both public and private. Allowing the user to choose if the transactions are public or private.
VERGE CURRENCY
2014 saw the birth of Dogecoin Dark; in 2016, it was rebranded to Verge Currency.
Verge improves upon the original Bitcoin blockchain and aims to fulfill its initial purpose of providing individuals and businesses with a fast, efficient and decentralized way of making direct transactions while maintaining your privacy.
What is the Verge Currency Mission?
Verge Currency aims to empower people around the globe using blockchain in everyday life and makes it possible for people to engage in transactions quickly, efficiently and privately. With Verge, business and individuals now have flexible options for sending and receiving payments.
Verge Currency also offer helpful integrations and tools that enable them to handle large scale transactions between merchants and small-scale private payments.
Is Verge Currency a private company and how is it funded?
Following in the spirit of Bitcoin, Verge is an open-source software, and a community. It is not a company, never had an ICO. The development is entirely funded by the community and the developers. Currently Verge is looking into setting up an official Verge merchandise store, and an Official Verge mining pool, for multiple algorithms.
Tech
General technical capabilities of XVG blockchain:
Protocol PoW (Proof of Work)
Algorithms Scrypt, X17, Lyra2rev2, myr-groestl and blake2s
Max Coin Supply 16.5 billion XVG
Circulation Supply 15.2 billion XVG
Minable yes
Atomic Swaps Enabled
Tx Speed 5-10 Seconds
Tx Capacity 100. (Will be ~2000 with RSK)
Tx Fee 0.1 XVG
Privacy Options:
Tor + I2P Networks fully obfuscated IP address / User's Location is hidden
Wraith Protocol Private and Public transactions in one blockchain according to user's choice. Hides the sender and the receiver information.
RING CT Under Development
See our blackpaper for detailed information.
Wallets
Mining
Community
Verge is a community-driven project. The community is the pillar of Verge, from the past to the future, the community built Verge. The community or Vergefam connects everyone from around the world, regardless of cultural background. The common vision is to provide everyone access to financial freedom, and the choice of privacy while transacting.
Below you can find the Verge Telegram communities from around the world;
Official Telegram
🇧🇷 🇵🇹 Brasil/Portugal/
🇳🇴 🇸🇪 🇩🇰 Norway/Sweden/Denmark
🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇨🇭 🇱🇮 Germany/Austria/Switzerland/Liechtenstein
🇵🇹 Portugal
🇪🇸 Spain
🇱🇺 Netherlands
🇹🇷 Turkey
🇫🇷 France
Balkan
🇵🇾 Croatia
🇦🇱 🇽🇰 Albania/Kosovo
🇷🇴 Romania
🇭🇺 Hungary
🇷🇺 Russia
🇮🇳 India
🇲🇾 Malaysia
🇯🇵 Japan
🇰🇷 Korea
🇨🇳 China
🇿🇦 South Africa
🔌Wallet Support
🖥️ Mining support
Mass Adoption
Low fees, quick transactions, high volume in circulation, multiplatform support, Wraith protocol are the ingredients that make Verge perfectly positioned for mass adoption. Transact on the public ledger for everyday purchases or stay private if you wish so.
Getting Started
You can find the matching instructions as below:
See the following useful links:
Official Links
Vergecurrency.com
Verge Team
Roadmap
FAQ
Github
Block Explorer 1
Block Explorer 2
Network Status
Telegram
Twitter
Facebook
Discord
Youtube
Medium
Investfeed
Verge Zendesk
VergeFora
submitted by Desolatorbtc to HowtoCrypto [link] [comments]

Why Verge Needs DigiShield NOW! And Why DigiByte Is SAFE!

Hello everyone, I’m back! Someone asked a question recently on what exactly happened to XVG – Verge and if this could be a problem for DGB – DigiByte - Here: DigiByte vs Verge It was a great question and there have been people stating that this cannot be a problem for us because of DigiShield etc… with not much explanation after that.
I was curious and did a bit more investigating to figure out what happened and why exactly it is that we are safe. So take a read.

Some Information on Verge

Verge was founded in 2014 with code based on DogeCoin, it was initially named DogeCoinDark, it later was renamed Verge XVG in 2016. Verge has 5 mining algorithms as does DigiByte. Those being:
However, unlike DigiByte those algorithms do not run side by side. On Verge one block can only be mined by a single algorithm at any time. This means that each algorithm takes turns mining the chain.
Prior to the latest fork there was not a single line of code that forced any algo rotation. They all run in parallel but of course in the end only one block can be accepted at given height which is obvious. After the fork algo rotation is forced so only 6 blocks with the same algo out of any 10 blocks can be accepted. - srgn_

Mining Verge and The Exploit

What happened then was not a 51% attack per say, but the attacker did end up mining 99% of all new blocks so in fact he did have power of over 51% of the chain. The way that Verge is mined allowed for a timestamp exploit. Every block that is mined is dependent on the previous blocks for determining the algorithm to be used (this is part of the exploit). Also, their mining difficulty is adjusted every block (which last 30 seconds also part of the exploit). Algorithms are not picked but in fact as stated previously compete with one another. As for difficulty:
Difficulty is calculated by a version of DGW which is based on timestamps of last 12 blocks mined by the same algo. - srgn_
This kind of bug is very serious and at the foundation of Verge’s codebase. In fact, in order to fix it a fork is needed, either hard fork or soft fork!
What happened was that the hacker managed to change the time stamps on his blocks. He introduced a pair of false blocks. One which showed that the scrypt mining algorithm had been previously used, about 26 mins before, and then a second block which was mined with scrypt. The chain is set up so that it goes through the 5 different algorithms. So, the first false block shows the chain that the scrypt algorithm had been used in the recent past. This tricks it into thinking that the next algorithm to be used is scrypt. In this way, he was essentially able to mine 99% of all blocks.
Pairs of blocks are used to lower the difficulty but they need to be mined in certain order so they can pass the check of median timestamp of last 11 blocks which is performed in CBlock::AcceptBlock(). There is no tricking anything into thinking that the next algo should be x because there is no algo picking. They all just run and mine blocks constantly. There is only lowering the difficulty, passing the checks so the chain is valid and accepting this chain over chains mined by other algos. - segn_
Here is a snippet of code for what the time stamps on the blocks would look like:
SetBestChain: new best=00000000049c2d3329a3 height=2009406 trust=2009407 date=04/04/18 13:50:09 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=000000000a307b54dfcf height=2009407 trust=2009408 date=04/04/18 12:16:51 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=00000000196f03f5727e height=2009408 trust=2009409 date=04/04/18 13:50:10 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=0000000010b42973b6ec height=2009409 trust=2009410 date=04/04/18 12:16:52 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) SetBestChain: new best=000000000e0655294c73 height=2009410 trust=2009411 date=04/04/18 12:16:53 ProcessBlock: ACCEPTED (scrypt) 
Here’s the first falsified block that was introduced into the XVG chain – Verge-Blockchain.info
As you can see there is the first fake block with a time stamp of 13:50:09 for example and the next is set to 12:15:51, the following two blocks are also a fraudulent pair and note that the next block is set to 12:16:52. So essentially, he was able to mine whole blocks - 1 second per block!

The “Fix”

This exploit was brought to public attention by ocminer on the bitcointalk forums. It seems the person was a mining pool administrator and noticed the problem after miners on the pool started to complain about a potential bug.
What happened next was that Verge developers pushed out a “fix” but in fact did not really fix the issue. What they did was simply diminish the time frame in which the blocks can be mined. The attack still was exploitable and the attacker even went on to try it again!
“The background is that the "fix" promoted by the devs simply won't fix the problem. It will just make the timeframe smaller in which the blocks can be mined / spoofed and the attack will still work, just be a bit slower.” - ocminer
Ocminer then cited DigiShield as a real fix to the issue! Stating that the fix should also stipulate that a single algo can only be used X amount of times and not be dependent on when the algo was last used. He even said that DigiByte and Myriad had the same problems and we fixed them! He cited this github repo for DigiByte:

DigiShield

It seems that the reason that this exploit was so lucrative was because the difficulty adjustment parameters were not enough to reduce the rewards the attacker recieved. Had the rewards per block adjusted at reasonable rate like we do in DGB then at least the rewards would have dropped significantly per block.
The attacker was able to make off with around 60 million Verge which equals about 3.6 million dollars per today’s prices.
The exploit used by the attacker depended on the fact that time stamps could be falsified firstly and secondly that the difficulty retargeting parameters were inadequate.
Let’s cover how DigiShield works more in detail. One of the DigiByte devs gave us this post about 4 years ago now, and the topic deserves revisiting and updates! I had a hard time finding good new resources and information on the details of DigiShield so I hope you’ll appreciate this review! This is everything I found for now that I could understand hopefully I get more information later and I’ll update this post.
Let’s go over some stuff on difficulty first then I’ll try giving you a way to visualise the way these systems work.
First you have to understand that mining difficulty changes over time; it has to! Look at Bitcoin’s difficulty for example – Bitcoin difficulty over the past five months. As I covered in another post (An Introduction to DigiByte Difficulty in Bitcoin is readjusted every 2016 blocks which each last about 10 mins each. This can play out over a span of 2 weeks, and that’s why you see Bitcoin’s difficulty graph as a step graph. In general, the hash power in the network increases over time as more people want to mine Bitcoin and thus the difficulty must also increase so that rewards are proportional.
The problem with non-dynamic difficulty adjustment is that it allows for pools of miners and or single entities to come into smaller coins and mine them continuously, they essentially get “free” or easily mined coins as the difficulty has not had time to adjust. This is not really a problem for Bitcoin or other large coins as they always have a lot of miners running on their chains but for smaller coins and a few years ago in crypto basically any coin other than Bitcoin was vulnerable. Once the miners had gotten their “free coins” they could then dump the chain and go mine something else – because the difficulty had adjusted. Often chains were left frozen or with very high fees and slow processing times as there was not enough hash power to mine the transactions.
This was a big problem in the beginning with DigiByte and almost even killed DogeCoin. This is where our brilliant developers came in and created DigiShield (first known as MultiShield).
These three articles are where most of my information came from for DigiShield I had to reread a the first one a few times to understand so please correct me if I make any mistakes! They are in order from most recent to oldest and also in order of relevance.
DigiShield is a system whereby the difficulty for mining DigiByte is adjusted dynamically. Every single block each at 15 seconds has difficulty adjusted for the available hashing power. This means that difficulty in DigiByte is as close as we can get to real time! There are other methods for adjusting difficulty, the first being the Bitcoin/Litecoin method (a moving average calculated every X number of blocks) then the Kimoto Gravity Well is another. The reason that DigiShield is so great is because the parameters are just right for the difficulty to be able to rise and fall in proportion to the amount of hash power available.
Note that Verge used a difficulty adjustment protocol more similar to that of DigiByte than Bitcoin. Difficulty was adjusted every block at 30 seconds. So why was Verge vulnerable to this attack? As I stated before Verge had a bug that allowed for firstly the manipulation of time stamps, and secondly did not adjust difficulty ideally.
You have to try to imagine that difficulty adjustment chases hashing power. This is because the hashing power on a chain can be seen as the “input” and the difficulty adjustment as the corresponding output. The adjustment or output created is thus dependent on the amount of hashing power input.
DigiShield was designed so that increases in mining difficulty are slightly harder to result than decreases in mining difficulty. This asymmetrical approach allows for mining to be more stable on DigiByte than other coins who use a symmetrical approach. It is a very delicate balancing act which requires the right approach or else the system breaks! Either the chain may freeze if hash power increases and then dumps or mining rewards are too high because the difficulty is not set high enough!
If you’ve ever taken any physics courses maybe one way you can understand DigiShield is if I were to define it as a dynamic asymmetrical oscillation dampener. What does this mean? Let’s cover it in simple terms, it’s difficult to understand and for me it was easier to visualise. Imagine something like this, click on it it’s a video: Caravan Weight Distribution – made easy. This is not a perfect analogy to what DigiShield does but I’ll explain my idea.
The input (hashing power) and the output (difficulty adjustment) both result in oscillations of the mining reward. These two variables are what controls mining rewards! So that caravan shaking violently back and forth imagine those are mining rewards, the weights are the parameters used for difficulty adjustment and the man’s hand pushing on the system is the hashing power. Mining rewards move back and forth (up and down) depending on the weight distribution (difficulty adjustment parameters) and the strength of the push (the amount of hashing power input to the system).
Here is a quote from the dev’s article.
“The secret to DigiShield is an asymmetrical approach to difficulty re-targeting. With DigiShield, the difficulty is allowed to decrease in larger movements than it is allowed to increase from block to block. This keeps a blockchain from getting "stuck" i.e., not finding the next block for several hours following a major drop in the net hash of coin. It is all a balancing act. You need to allow the difficulty to increase enough between blocks to catch up to a sudden spike in net hash, but not enough to accidentally send the difficulty sky high when two miners get lucky and find blocks back to back.”
AND to top it all off the solution to Verge’s time stamp manipulation bug is RIGHT HERE in DigiShield again! This was patched and in Digishield v3 problems #7
Here’s a direct quote:
“Most DigiShield v3 implementations do not get data from the most recent blocks, but begin the averaging at the MTP, which is typically 6 blocks in the past. This is ostensibly done to prevent timestamp manipulation of the difficulty.”
Moreover, DigiShield does not allow for one algorithm to mine more than 5 blocks in a row. If the next block comes in on the same algorithm then it would be blocked and would be handed off to the next algorithm.
DigiShield is a beautiful delicate yet robust system designed to prevent abuse and allow stability in mining! Many coins have adopted out technology!

Verge Needs DigiShield NOW!

The attacker has been identified as IDCToken on the bitcointalk forums. He posted recently that there are two more exploits still available in Verge which would allow for similar attacks! He said this:
“Can confirm it is still exploitable, will not abuse it futher myself but fix this problem immediately I'll give Verge some hours to solve this otherwise I'll make this public and another unpatchable problem.” - IDCToken
DigiShield could have stopped the time stamp manipulation exploit, and stopped the attacker from getting unjust rewards! Maybe a look at Verge’s difficulty chart might give a good idea of what 1 single person was able to do to a coin worth about 1 billion dollars.
Here’s DigiByte’s difficulty steady, even and fair:
Maybe our developers could help Verge somehow – but for a fee? Or it might be a good way to get our name out there, and show people why DigiByte and DigiShield are so important!

SOURCES

Edit - Made a few mistakes in understanding how Verge is mined I've updated the post and left the mistakes visible. Nothing else is changed and my point still stands Verge could stand to gain something from adopting DigiShield!
Hi,
I hope you’ve enjoyed my article! I tried to learn as much as I could on DigiShield because I thought it was an interesting question and to help put together our DGB paper! hopefully I made no mistakes and if I did please let me know.
-Dereck de Mézquita
I'm a student typing this stuff on my free time, help me pay for school? Thank you!
D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g
https://digiexplorer.info/address/D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g
submitted by xeno_biologist to Digibyte [link] [comments]

Starting into bitcoin mining.

So I got alittle lucky last week, I had 30 remaining $ in my bitcoin wallet, I've had them for months. I found a bitcoin betting website, I deposited $10, Turned it into $300. Cashed out, I ordered 2 Antminer S3+'s with a 1000W HP server power supply kit with wiring/adapter for the miners. Electricity costs me .08$/kWh, $10 invested, How accurate are bitcoin miner calculators? Like coinwarz for example, you can insert difficulty, electricity costs, watts, and GH/s, Based off that calculator, I'm looking at $27 a month profit, Which is next to nothing. But it costs me $10 to start so who cares right? Does anyone have any tips for someone new to it (I've followed bitcoins and mining a bit but never done it) Also any pool advice for when I get my miners?
submitted by OneFastGSR to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Is mining really this simple?

Hello, forgive me for asking a stupid question. I come from a very poor family, I am used to working hard to make any money, and am skeptical of anything that sounds like easy money, this whole Bitcoin Mining thing seems too good to be true. I want to air my assumptions.
So; I get a Bitcoin wallet, buy an AntMiner S5/7 and power supply, hook it up to internet and configure it, join Slush's mining pool, and just leave the miner running in my basement. Each month I will earn ~0.186 BTC which I can convert into fiat money (~$79)?
Did I miss anything? My electricity is $0.07/kWh, so I am looking to pocket ~$48 a month? Really? Someone tell me I am wrong, cause this sounds insane...
Thank you,
TheGlutton
Source: https://www.bitcoinmining.com/getting-started/
http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/bitcoin-mining-calculato?h=1155.00&p=590.00&pc=0.07&pf=2.00&d=93448670796.32380000&r=25.00000000&er=427.47210000&hc=500.00
submitted by TheGlutton to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

Guide For New Shibes

So it has become apparent to me from the constant questions on this subreddit that a lot of new miners/shibes need help, so I have decided to make a basic guide to most of the questions I see a lot here.
1) BTC - This means Bitcoin so If you see a miner that says BTC it does not work with dogecoin because dogecoin is Scrypt.
2) Scrypt - This is what dogecoin runs off of, or what your computeasic/gpu solves to support the network.
3) Asic - This stands for an application-specific integrated circuit, or in less confusing terms a miner dedicated completely to mining a particular type of coin such as dogecoin.
4) GPU Mining - Using a graphics card to mine crypto currencies.
5) CPU Mining - A slow and inefficient way of using your computers Central Processing Unit to mine crypto currencies.
6) Hash Rate - The rate at which you mine a crypto currency. The higher the better.
7) KH - This Means Kilo Hashes. 1KH = 1,000 Hashes a Second
8) MH - This Means Mega Hash - 1 MH = 1,000,000 hashes a second.
9) Should I buy an asic? - If you want to support the network yes. If you want to solely make money off of it No. Buy the coin if you want to make profit. This is my opinion, there is no one answer to this question.
10) Mining Pool - Pooled mining is a mining approach where multiple generating clients contribute to the generation of a block, and then split the block reward according the contributed processing power. Pooled mining effectively reduces the granularity of the block generation reward, spreading it out smoothly over time.
Tl/DR You Work with other miners to solve stuff faster making you money faster.
11) Mining Difficulty - How hard it is to solve the problems to generate dogecoin.
12) Do I need a fan? - Yes I cannot stress how important it is to properly cool your units. Make sure your units are always cool or else they might melt. Do not think you are safe just because you turn your ac up, but a fan.
13) What Mining Pool Should I Pick? - Here is a list of all of the pools Pick one that works for you.
14) What is a wallet? - This is where you store your dogecoin and where you can send and receive dogecoin.
15) What Wallet Should I get? - Online is convenient but not safe. Paper Is the Safest But Not convenient. Cold Storage is the mostly safe and somewhat convenient.
16) What is cold storage? - Basically putting your wallet on an offline device like a usb.
17) Can I mine on a mac? - Yes look here for more info.
18) Cloud Mining - A service you buy that mines for you. you pay for a certain amount of hashes, lets just say 10gh for an example, and the company/service mines you this amount for the time you bought. It is not profitable usually.
19) What Is a Raspberry Pi? - A small cheap computer that people use to run their miners on.
20) Watts - The measure of electricity.
21) Should I pre-order? No Never F%&$ing pre order, you will get scammed 99.9999% of the time.
22) Can I still mine? - Yes, you probably wont make money but you will support the doge community.
23) Linux - An operating system like windows that people use to run mining programs on.
24) If you Have an animal make sure to properly protect your mining rig from them. Wires from the machines make great chew toys.
25) How Do I calculate if im going to make money with my mining rig? - Use This mining Calculator This is also a very good calculator
26 What Mining Program Should I use? Windows: CG MINER Mac: Astroid Linux: CG Miner again
Goodluck mining I hope this helps. This Also Took A long time to make so support would be appreciated :)
submitted by sircam22 to dogemining [link] [comments]

Hvem miner her?

Jeg var lige inde og kigge på CoinWarz mining calculator med udgangspunkt i en Antminer S7 der giver 4.3 th/s for 1350 watt.
Slog gennemsnitlig strømpris op på strøm.dk og det var 2,29 dkKwh eller $0.33.
Mining calculatoren siger profit efter pool fees og strøm er $12.902 eller godt 90.000 kr. årligt. Det kan ikke passe – Er der nogen som kan lure hvad der er galt i mit regnestykke? Jeg troede egentligt at man som udgangspunkt mistede penge på at mine i Danmark med vores strømpriser.
Edit: Havde et 0 for meget bag Gh/s værdien. Efter jeg rettede det blev resultatet i stedet $-2.200 per år.
submitted by ElectricOrangeJuice to BitcoinDK [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Genesis Mining is PreSelling Their Cloud Mining Again !

The following post by NotSeriousEver is being replicated because the post has been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7eiokd
The original post's content was as follows:
I missed out on the last one, but just bought 20 THs
https://www.genesis-mining.com/pricing
For those of you that don't know, Genesis mining is cloud mining for bitcoin, which basically means that you pay to use the power of someone else's miner (in this case a large legit company). And when you buy the contract (which costs the same as the physical miner would cost so you don't have to hear a loud annoying machine in your house/apt) you have the contract forever. That 20 THs/sec is yours for all time.
https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators...000000&hc=1700
Here is the conversion chart. Pool fees are 30%. So for me specifically, i will be netting around $600 per month if bitcoin stayed where its at now. In 163 days, i will break even and everything else for the rest of time will be profit.
So, if you believe that bitcoin prices will continue to increase (and there's no reason it shouldn't as its not tied to a country's economy/status) you will have a solid passive generator of income
Here's a 3% off code that i found on a website and used: 7q64X1
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

Thoughts on this 6x GTX 750 Ti rig?

I'm looking at building my first mining rig and after a day of browsing various mining related subreddits and forums etc. I've come up with the following:
Total Build Cost - £998.83 ($1673.84)
Electricity Unit Cost - £0.115/kWh ($0.19/kWh)
Estimated Power Usage @ 60w per card + 60w base usage - 420w
Estimated Daily Power Usage - 10 kWh - £1.15 ($1.90)
Estimated Monthly Power Usage - 300 kWh - £34.50 ($57)
Estimated KH/s per card: - 300 (1.8MH/s ttal)
When I put these numbers into the CoinWarz Litecoin Mining Calculator I get an estimated break even of 281 days.
So, my questions are:
  1. Thoughts on the hardware setup? 750 Ti's seem like a good bet at the moment given their minimal power consumption and price point. I could spec a 4x R270 rig for the same price (the extra PSU required and higher price of R270s would bump it to about even), for the same MH/s but with all the extra heat and power consumption it doesn't seem to make sense. The Gigabyte cards listed above also have the 6 pin power connector that some 750 Ti's don't so that should cover power requirements when it comes to overclocking.
  2. Does that 281 day break even calculation sound about right? How much could I reduce this if I were to use a multi pool such as www.clevermining.com ? Obviously the price of BTC and other coins will factor heavily into this but if you had to give a rough estimate?
submitted by XVar to litecoinmining [link] [comments]

Have a little startup capital, any advice on beginning mining?

Hi all,
I'm very familiar with the mining process technically, did quite well gpu mining alts a few years ago.
Anyway, I recently came across a few bitcoins and was interested in starting mining btc.
I have absolutely no illusions about the state of mining and its difficulty. However, if I can expect to ROI at some point within a reasonable amount of time, I'd like to give it a go.
What I'm wondering is, should I get in on a few batch 12 antminer s7's, or is another miner about to come out?
Also, which pool do you prefer, and how accurate are the mining calculators at sites like coinwarz? According to coinwarz, a few s7's would ROI in 6 months.
I'm nervous about the halving and core/classic/unlimited problems as well.
Thanks!
UPDATE:
I have access to electricity at just under 0.07 USD / kWh
submitted by Matthew_KY to BitcoinMining [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Genesis Cloudmining Presale for March Start

The following post by NotSeriousEver is being replicated because the post has been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7em6ju
The original post's content was as follows:
I missed out on the last one, but just bought 20 THs
https://www.genesis-mining.com/pricing
For those of you that don't know, Genesis mining is cloud mining for bitcoin, which basically means that you pay to use the power of someone else's miner (in this case a large legit company). And when you buy the contract (which costs the same as the physical miner would cost so you don't have to hear a loud annoying machine in your house/apt) you have the contract forever. That 20 THs/sec is yours for all time.
https://www.coinwarz.com/calculators...000000&hc=1700
Here is the conversion chart. Pool fees are 30%. So for me specifically, i will be netting around $600 per month if bitcoin stayed where its at now. In 163 days, i will break even and everything else for the rest of time will be profit.
So, if you believe that bitcoin prices will continue to increase (and there's no reason it shouldn't as its not tied to a country's economy/status) you will have a solid passive generator of income
Here's a 3% off code that i found on a website and used: 7q64X1
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

**Update From The Einsteinium Dev Team**

~~~~ Mini Einsteinium Team Update ~~~~
VOTE FOR EINSTEINIUM ON CRYPTSY.COM Yes that's right - Cryptsy now also have voting We strongly feel that being listed on both http://coinmarketcap.com/ and http://www.coinwarz.com/cryptocurrency would be hugely beneficial in getting the word out about Einsteinium to the wider alt community to do this we need to be listed on a major exchange - Cryptsy is one of those exchanges! Vote here: https://www.cryptsy.com/coinvotes/ (you have to be a Cryptsy memebr to vote)
If you have even the smallest amount of BTC to spare send it here: 1DpJn1CdytHXfzCdg4kXXe3vNDZmJqh48D 0.0002 BTC = 1 Vote for Einsteinium
http://einsteinium.org
The Einsteinium Foundation proudly announce: Einsteinium: Launched 1st March 2014, 6pm GMT Current Epoch: 1
DOWNLOADS: Windows: https://mega.co.nz/#!PJQ03SjC!mXhRbX8lLiiYbhd8FMal4kwDZdND8luzTClZ_er6db4 Mac OSX: https://mega.co.nz/#!CNwCzYoL!cOmoUA82qmaSJ_mUribCWozBnDj0vYaP3VhxIzl5-KM Source Code: https://github.com/einsteinium/einsteinium
About the Einsteinium Foundation
The Einsteinium Foundation was created to help, in any small way it can, raise funding for cutting edge scientific research. To this aim we created Einsteinium, a new cryptocurrency (similar to Bitcoin), to gather funds that can be distributed to projects the community chooses. Combined with donations from the community at large we will help fund some of the most innovative projects currently under-way or help seed those waiting to start.
The Goals
The principle task of the Foundation will be organize the selection and distribution of the Einsteinium Fund that is collected each month from the community mining the Coin and direct donations the Fund.
Each month a small selection of projects we the Foundation think are worthy of support will be collated together with suggestions from you the community. Voting will be held during the last few days of each month, the winner of the poll is selected and the funds passed over.
There will be no restrictions as to who is eligible for inclusion in the monthly selection for voting, the only criteria is that the science involved is pushing our understanding forward and could build us a better, safer and more interesting future.
From simple Kickstarter project to the Gates Foundations effort against Malaria, if between the Einsteinium community and the Foundation we reach consensus that the project is worthy we will send the funds.
Details and Special Rewards When a Wormhole is good for you.
Epochs The mining of Einsteinium is divided into Epochs, each Epoch is 36000 blocks long and is targeted to last 25 days. The Proof of Work mining of Einsteinium will last 730 Epochs.
Wormhole Events: During every Epoch from the start of mining through to Year 10 a random Wormhole Event will occur. A Wormhole Event is 180 blocks long with a reward of 2970 Einsteinium per block. This is a fixed value reward irrespective of the current block reward and replaces the standard reward for that block. A Wormhole Event is randomly generated and can start at any time during an Epoch, but will ALWAYS be 180 blocks long.
Continued appeal
As we move past 25th Epoch the Wormhole Events, in conjunction with the rising value of Einsteinium, will be a substantial incentive for smaller miners to continue mining. With a reward of hundreds of times the standard block value up for grabs you won’t want to miss a Wormhole Event
And Remember! With every block mined we are funding the future!
Einsteinium Foundation Fund Wallet address: EKnqTC9XEuucZEhD3miDGnbJxBptcxhByA
Fair Launch No pre-announcement, everyone has a fair chance to solo mine NO pre-mine Kimoto Gravity Well implemented from block 1 Starting reward lasts for 50 days
Exchanges
https://www.allcoin.com/trade/emc2_btc https://pmtocoins.com/index.php?page=trade&market=43 https://cryptoex.cc/market/emc2_btc https://www.cryptoaltex.com/index.php?page=trade&market=12
Profit calculator / difficulty graph
http://sancrypto.info/index/show/EMC2/
Pools
(please use all the pools)
http://emc2.coins4everyone.com https://emc2.suprnova.cc https://emc.maxminers.net http://emc.hashrapid.com http://emc2.poolnetwork.org (0%) http://emc2.mateloft.com http://emc2.botpool.net http://emc2.poolprefecture.com (0%) http://emc2.pitythepool.com http://emc2.gr2pool.eu:24007/static (work in progress) http://emc2.mainpy.com http://emc2.cryptopools.com http://emc2.crunchharder.net http://emc2.lifeforce.info (0%)
The stratum implementation for EMC2 differs slightly due to our donation/block system. Any pool owners wishing to set up a pool for EMC2 may want to review this code first. https://github.com/einsteinium/EMC2-Stratum-Mining
Pool owners please contact us if you wish to be listed as an approved pool in this thread and on the official web site.
Block explorers
http://cryptexplorer.com/chain/Einsteinium
Faucets http://coinrush.pl/emc2/ http://coinok.pw/faucet/emc2 Official Faucet Coming Soon
Block 1 Block 1 is a little larger than the rest of the blocks from Epoch 1 & 2 at 10747. this is to eliminate the need for pesky decimal points in the Wormhole Event blocks. We were really geeky and set the total number of Einsteinium to be equal to the speed of light in m/sec (in a vacuum!). Unfortunately that particular universal constant didn't play along when we divided it down so, mildly OCD that we are, we preferred a Wormhole block to be 2973 instead of 2973.4blahblahblahblahblah!. To be honest my OCD wanted to plump with 2970, but that would have made block 1 WAY to big.
Bounties None currently
Press & News Articles http://coinappeal.com/einsteinium-coin-for-science/
...and Finally Einsteinium is a cryptocurrency aimed at supporting and funding scientific research, all the automatic donations will be distributed to mutually agreed upon projects and the very small 0.5% gathered for faucets and give-aways won't be spent buying onto exchanges or paying out spurious bounties. Every single ECM2 we spend or give away will be very carefully considered, it will be used to spread the word and build the community, it won't be frittered away on bribes or on something we can do ourselves. And don't worry, if we build this community together and make it strong we WILL get listed on the exchanges!
The Einsteinium Launch Team are listening and active on this thread, if you have ANY questions please ask. Please be as courteous as you can to your fellow community members and to us, the Einsteinium team. Please be aware that the majority of the team are located in the UK (GMT+0) so responses to your questions may be slower between 1am & 6am GMT - we have to sleep sometime!
~~~~ The Latest Einsteinium Team Update ~~~~ 4th March 2014 - 10pm GMT
We have just turned 3 days old! Time to burp us and change the nappy
That’s right Einsteinium is JUST 3 days old, and yet we already find ourselves listed on 2 exchanges, a third, www.Lazycoins.com, will be listing EMC2 from the outset. We have twelve pools, two faucets which we, and you the community, are keeping stocked, plus a block explorer. As I write this the network is at 1.33GH/s there have been 5626 blocks mined totalling 5,761,024 EMC2 in circulation.
EMC2 is bouncing between 400 and 1400 sat on the exchanges, even if the volume is low, which considering the turmoil the alt markets have been seeing over the past few weeks we see as a major achievement. But we know that EMC2 is worthy of a higher price and are confident that when listed on an exchange with larger volume we will see the price start to climb towards our short term target.
So, please keep voting for us on Cryptorush and Mintpal!
https://cryptorush.in/index.php?p=vote https://www.mintpal.com/voting
We also strongly feel that being listed on both http://coinmarketcap.com/ and http://www.coinwarz.com/cryptocurrency would be hugely beneficial in getting the word out about Einsteinium to the wider alt community, therefore, if you are member of any of their required exchanges please hit them up and request that they list EMC2/BTC.
BTC-e - Crypsty - CoinEx - Coins-E - Bter - Vircurex - CoinMarket.io - Crypto-Trade.com - CoinedUp - mcxNow
Down To Business We are growing the team!
We would like to welcome on board the first member of the community to join the Einsteinium Team; Kreativekrypto
We will be reaching out over the next 24 hours to one or two other members on this thread to enquire if they would like to get more deeply involved – keep an eye on you PM inbox Smiley
Android Wallet We have an Android wallet in progress for Einsteinium, it’s not far off so we’ll keep you posted on the progress.
Press Recognition We are reaching out to a number of blogs and traditional media in an effort to raise awareness of Einsteinium, Crypto blogs are an obvious first port of call and hopefully you’ll be seeing the Press & Article section of the OP start to fill up nicely. We are not stopping there though, we are casting the net further afield and contacting science and technology media as well. If anyone has a direct line to a blogger or journalist please point them here and the foundation website and have them reach out to [email protected] – it’s not what you know it’s who you know!
Reddit and Twitter Kreativekrypto will be leading our Reddit and Twitter initiatives. With the team still currently low on numbers we’ll be starting off with moderate sized competitions, but expect them to grow over time.
The Funds There is a very interesting concept we are testing internally with regards to the Einsteinium Foundation Fund. If it pans out as we hope you’ll all be the first to know Cheesy
Transparency We will be publishing the main fund wallet address very soon and that will be followed by a public ledger of transactions. DONE!
...AND
Please, Please, Please send us some suggestions for science related projects that you feel are worthy of support by the Einsteinium Foundation. Leave your ideas here or contact us through the web site www.einsteinium.org. We have selected four to get things rolling, you can see them here: http://einsteinium.org/nominations/ THIS is heart and soul of Einsteinium, we want the funding to be as democratic and inclusive as we can possibly make it – get nominating!
Together we are funding the future with the future of currency!
We NEED Your Feedback
As you will no doubt be aware because of the block halving the collection for the coin promotion fund is weighted towards the first 3 years of mining. However, we have been working with figures that spread the promotion fund equally over the first 10 years of the coins life. That gives us a little under 7000 EMC2 each Epoch to spend on promotions and give-aways.
Now, that puts us in a quandary, there is ECM2 in the pot to achieve certain goals in the very short term, purchase 'votes' to get on cryptorush or Mintpal, pay for advertising and hire marketers. However that would leave the promotion fund much shorter in numbers of EMC2 in years to come, for example it would take around 250,000 ECM2 to buy sufficient ‘votes’ to get us listed on Cryptorush, a site we are confident that we will be listed on organically over time. Of course the counter-point to this argument is that in years to come the value of EMC2 will be significantly higher.
So we open it up to the community. Do we spent now or ensure that there are promotion funds for many years to come?
Thank You. The Einsteinium Team
submitted by kreativegameboss to einsteinium [link] [comments]

An up to date guide on mining profitability - make $30 a day passively

Wanna make $30 a day passively? Don't sell your plasma or run annoying software for a minimal amount of money....
look up the profitability of Litecoins.. then invest yourself in one of these https://zeusminer.com/product/zeusminer-volcano-300mhs1000wscrypt-asic-mine
Once you get a 300 MH/s scrypt miner running it can generate over $30 a day. Heres a rough Idea of the math: http://www.coinwarz.com/calculators/litecoin-mining-calculato?h=300000.00&p=1000.00&pc=0.10&pf=0.00&d=35178.73795950&r=50.00000000&er=0.01059008&btcer=361.14000000&hc=1600.00
Put the purchase on a credit card and you can pay it off while you are using it for profit and build your credit score up...
Once you are making 300$ a week convert it to bitcoins, you can pool mine and auto exchange with http://clevermining.com/
then multiply your bitcoin to $450 with a coinbot, heres a link: http://thebot.net/threads/coinbot-users-are-you-losing-read-this.288024/
Finally, buy yourself a bitcoin debit visa, heres a link: http://www.ebay.com/itm/BitCoin-VISA-PREPAID-Anonymous-Card-mBank-BRE-BANK-currency-USD-Anonymity-IBAN-/251666432801?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item3a987d0321
load your bitcoins to that... Use at any atm for cash or purchases..
Tips on mining:
Mining is safe if you know what you're doing.. If running any type of serious ming rig that draw a lot of power.. make sure you're main circuit breaker can handle the load on wherever its wired to.. Use a thick wire surge protector to the outlet, thick wire for power supply to surge protector, and if you are going to run thinner wires on your power supply don't run power for 8 mining cards on one wire, spread it out across the power supply, or open the power supply up and put thicker wires in... All of this will prevent heat which will keep miners running efficiently and fire safe... Take the time to keep the miner clean and if any weird noise occurs examine the problem.. dont let it progress.
I learned most of this through trial and error, I'm giving this to you so you don't have to.
submitted by rjames24000 to beermoney [link] [comments]

Cost of voting for XT by renting mining time

Building off of the good idea that willsteel had here about how we can vote for XT by renting time on miners, I gave some thought to the cost of supporting XT through this method. Obviously if you have your own mining hardware and support XT you can do it directly, but for the rest of us, an effective way to vote is to rent hashing power that signs with the BIP101 flag. I wanted to figure out what the actual cost of voting this way is in the current market conditions, here's what I got.
Based on mining calculators, the current mining revenue from 1TH/sec averages to 0.00927BTC/day. NiceHash charges a 3% fee, and assuming you're pointed towards the slush pool, they charge a 2% fee, so you're left with 0.0088BTC. The cost of (1TH/sec) * 1day on NiceHash is currently 0.0096BTC, so for 1TH/sec*day you're losing 0.0008BTC/day, or at the current price of $226/BTC, $0.18/day. Getting to a nice round number, for a loss of $1/day, you can purchase 1/.18 = 5.56 TH/s hash rate
The total hashing power of the network is currently about 400PH/sec. So, for $1/day, the fraction of that you can purchase is 5.56 /400000= .000014 of bitcoin's hashing power, or 0.0014%.
tl;dr: using NiceHash and slush pool, you can pay 1 US dollar / day to convert 0.0014% of bitcoin's hash power to XT
submitted by medley_of_minds to bitcoinxt [link] [comments]

How to calculate your H/s on EACH algorithm?

I've been using coinwars for a month now, but do I really need to get a miner and a pool for each algorithm to enter the propper numbers to calculate what is the best coin to mine?
Isn't there any list of GPU on what is the H7s (on average) for each algorithm?
Doesn't matter as much as I search, I keep getting the ETH MH/s, but I want them all for a full study on what's more profitable in my case.
For those who does not know:
https://www.coinwarz.com
tells you what's more profitable to mine instead of bitcoin, and at what reate, the thing is that it's calculated on predefined data, that you can change on top for your personal HW.
submitted by flaixman to gpumining [link] [comments]

Any interest in a DOGE based multipool?

What I propose is a multipool that focuses on DOGE. The end result is DOGE and the pool calculates what other altcoins (if any) would result in more DOGE per hash using the typical profitability calculation (examples at coinwarz.com). By mining other currencies and trading for DOGE, this will raise the price of DOGE vs other coins. This will improve the image of DOGE in the eyes of the crypto community because it shows we are the true top doge in the crypto-currency world. When DOGE is the currency people want to hold it shows the world how awesome DOGE is.
Background for those unfamiliar with multipools: Multipools are mining pools that mine whatever currency is most profitable and trade them for bitcoins. By "profitable" I mean that the pool does some calculation to determine the relative difficulty and value of the coins vs Bitcoin and mines the one which would result in the most bitcoins per hash. Multipools focused on bitcoin are good for bitcoin owners because it drives up the relative price of bitcoin while pushing the price of other coins down.
tl;dr - DOGE based multipool. Is there any interest?
submitted by jahbreeze to dogecoin [link] [comments]

What It Was Like MINING Cryptocurrency Full-Time For A ... By Far The BEST Bitcoin Mining Software In 2020 ... Calculator de profit bitcoin coinwarz How to calculate Genesis Mining profit - Bitcoin Mining Profitability Calculator Will Bitcoin Mining Difficulty Affect Profit?

The Potcoin mining profitability results and mining rewards were calculated using the best POT mining calculator with the following inputs. A POT mining difficulty of 0.00, a POT mining hashrate of 2,200,000.00 KH/s consuming 2,100 watts of power at $0.10 per kWh, and a block reward of 0.00 POT at $0.0034 (POT to USD). Bitcoin Mining Calculator and Profitability Calculator CoinWarz . Enter your mining rig's hash rate and the CoinWarz Bitcoin mining calculator and Bitcoin profit calculator will use the current difficulty and exchange rate to. Contact US How To: Calculate Mining Profits 2017/18 The Ultimate Crypto How . Many factors influence the mining outlays, namely hardware price and its efficiency, cryptocurrency price, block reward, and time of block generation, the cost of electricity, pool charge, and hash rate. Nevertheless, anyone who wants to mine crypto can count approximate income using a mining calculator. So, let’s overview the best ones in 2020. If you want to start mining Bitcoin, consider joining a Bitcoin mining pool. You'll team up with other miners to increase your collective hashing power, thus increasing your chances of validating a block. If a block is validated by your mining pool, the block reward will be distributed according to the amount of computational power you contributed. Bitcoin Mining Pool Hash Rate Distribution. Bitcoin Mining Pool Options. For a fully decentralized pool, we highly recommend p2pool and Multipool.us. The following pools are believed to be currently fully validating blocks with Bitcoin Core 0.11 or later: BTCC: BTCC is a Bitcoin exchange, wallet, and mining pool located in China. Its mining ...

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What It Was Like MINING Cryptocurrency Full-Time For A ...

Coinwarz Profitability Calculator https://goo.gl/NtZbf1 Compounding Interest Excel File can be found HERE: https://goo.gl/gp2jqy Find today's BEST MINING POOL for HashFlare HERE: https://goo.gl/NhpsBH Best Bang 4 Buck Mining Rig - How To Build 12x Card 1060 ETH GPU Miner - Duration: 20:46. VoskCoin 243,872 views Free bitcoin mining without withdrawal fee, Bitcoin generator without mining fee. vebsite link https://zee.gl/jVrRxxpK bitcoin mining slushpool antpool antmi... Here's our review of the EMCD.io Bitcoin and Litecoin mining pool, a profit-switching mining pool with no fees that pays you for each share submitted! Subscr... #bitcoin #bitcoinmining #bitcoinminingsoftware By Far The BEST Bitcoin Mining Software In 2020 (Profitable). This is a review on the most profitable, easy, a...

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